Focus on: Cardiology

Cardiology is one of the busiest areas for publication of case reports in the journal so far, and (fittingly for Valentine’s day) we invite you to take a look at some of our most interesting cardiology case reports:

Atrial fibrillation-related cardiomyopathy: a case report

Following a history of worsening dyspnoea and palpitations, a 58 year-old male was diagnosed with dilated cardiomyopathy. Thyroid function and electrocardiogram tests were normal. Trans-thoracic echocardiography revealed a dilated left ventricle. The patient had been consuming one bottle of a highly caffeinated commercially available beverage (1000 ml) per week for 6 months.

Dilated superficial abdominal veins + bruising

Congenital absence of inferior vena cava and thrombosis: a case report

A 54 year-old male was admitted with abdominal pain and localised swelling over the right flank. Examination revealed palpable ‘snake-like’ tortuous and tender lumps on the abdominal wall. Past history revealed chronic non-healing venous leg ulcers, and varicose vein ligation at a very young age upon which Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) was diagnosed. A CT scan was performed to search for intra-abdominal cancer.

Reconstruction of type III endoleak

Endovascular stenting of a chronic ruptured type B thoracic aortic dissection, a second chance: a case report

The first report of endovascular repair of a previously stented, ruptured chronic Stanford type B thoracic aortic dissection re-presenting with a type III endoleak of the original repair in an 82-year-old male.

False aneurysm cavityA pulmonary artery false aneurysm after right middle lobectomy: a case report

A 69-year-old male underwent a right middle lobectomy for a Stage 1A squamous cell carcinoma of his right middle lobe. The patient was readmitted five weeks postoperatively with pyrexia and an episode of haemoptysis. X-ray showed haziness in the right mid-zone and the patient was treated for a presumed chest infection. A week later, he was readmitted with continuing haemoptysis, swinging pyrexia and increasing shortness of breath at rest. Bronchoscopy revealed granulation tissue near the middle lobe bronchial stump, which bled profusely on biopsy. CT scan showed a false aneurysm of the right descending interlobar pulmonary artery and complete lower lobe collapse and consolidation.

As the cardiology section of Journal of Medical Case Reports continues to grow, we are on the look-out for cardiologists to join our pool of reviewers. If you would be interested in reviewing for the journal, please get in touch.

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